Understanding The Cataract Surgical Procedure
As with any surgery, cataract surgery poses risks, such as infection and bleeding. Before cataract surgery, your doctor may ask you to stop temporarily taking certain medications that increase the risk of bleeding during surgery.
After surgery, you must keep your eye clean, wash your hands before touching your eye, and use the prescribed medications to help minimize the risk of infection. Serious infection can result in loss of vision.
Cataract surgery slightly increases your risk of retinal detachment. Other eye disorders, such as high myopia (nearsightedness), can further increase your risk of retinal detachment after cataract surgery.
One sign of a retinal detachment is a sudden increase in flashes or floaters. Floaters are little “cobwebs” or specks that seem to float about in your field of vision.
If you notice a sudden increase in floaters or flashes, see an eye care professional immediately. A retinal detachment is a medical emergency. If necessary, go to an emergency service or hospital.
An eye surgeon must examine your eye as soon as possible. A retinal detachment causes no pain. Early treatment for retinal detachment often can prevent permanent loss of vision.
The sooner you get treatment, the more likely you will regain good vision. Even if you are treated promptly, some vision may be lost.
Talk to your eye care professional about these risks. Make sure cataract surgery is right for you.
Is cataract surgery effective?
Cataract removal is one of the most common operations performed in the United States. It also is one of the safest and most effective types of surgery.
In about 90 percent of cases, people who have cataract surgery have better vision afterward. Cataract surgery is an outpatient procedure that typically takes less than 10 minutes.
Here’s a brief overview of the process:
First, your Shah Eye Center Surgeon will give you some medicated eye drops to prevent infection and inflammation and to minimize discomfort during the surgery. You won’t be asleep for the procedure, but you’ll likely receive a mild sedative to make sure you stay relaxed and comfortable.
Then, after making a tiny incision in your cornea, your Shah Eye Center surgeon will use a probe the size of a pen tip to break apart and remove the old lens. The most common technique for removing cataracts is a state-of-the-art process called phacoemulsification, in which high-frequency sound waves are used to break the lens into removable pieces.
Once the old lens has been removed, your surgeon will insert the replacement intraocular lens (IOL) into your eye. Typically, the IOL is rolled up into the tip of an injector tool so that it can be inserted through the same tiny incision.
Once injected, the IOL unfolds perfectly into place. Because of the small surgical incision, you probably won’t require stitches, your eye should heal itself naturally. However, you will most likely have a protective patch placed over your eye during recovery.
Shah Eye Center doctors will gladly help determine the surgical treatment and lens that best fits your diagnosis.
Selecting the best implant (Intranocular Lens) to correct cataract vision loss
Shah Eye Center’s board-certified doctors, certified by the American Board of Ophthalmology, specialize in the advance treatment of cataracts and offer a comprehensive range of Intraocular lenses referred to as IOLs. IOLs may be used to improve your vision.
Most health insurance providers typically cover Monofocal IOLs. Monofocal IOLs can give you excellent vision at one distance, usually far. These lenses allow people to see what they should see from a distance. However, you will probably still need glasses for near vision.